Sleep and Wake Healthy Sleep – According Islam. Sleep and wake are exemplified by “Prophet Muhammad SAW”. is the best sleep, beneficial to the body and increase body strength.
He went to bed early in the evening (after isya) and woke up at the beginning of the last half of the night. After waking up he immediately rose to loss (toothbrush), berwudlu ‘and night prayer (Tahajjud). Thus he gained freshness and strength in part by rest and sleep; and partly by way of exercise. This is the most effective way to preserve the physical and spiritual health of the world and the hereafter.
He never slept beyond the time required and never withstood the drowsiness of sleep. Rasulullah SAW. never sleep in a state of full stomach by food or drink. He slept on a mattress made of animal skin stuffed with coir and never slept on a high bed. The bed is tilted to the right, never lying face down. His head was wearing a pillowcase and occasionally laying his hands under his cheeks. He always dhikr to Allah when laid his body in bed until sleep.
Sleep has two benefits:
- The silence of all limbs and rest from fatigue.
- Food can be digested and cooked perfectly, because body heat will be centered on the stomach.
Good sleep and bring benefits to the body are: lie face down to the right so that food is in a good position in the stomach (big stomach), not coincide with the heart. While sloping to the left bed will memudlaratkan the heart because all the limbs will lean to the left choked heart.
A good and right sleep will give new strength to the body, rest the brain work and eliminate fatigue.
Ugly and unhelpful sleep is: Sleeping on your back or on your stomach. Lying on your back to rest, not to sleep does not mean for the body. about sleeping face down, Abu Umamah RA. narrated:
Prophet Muhammad SAW. past a sleeping man in the mosque. So the Prophet harassed him with his feet and said: “Rise up, or sit down. Surely your sleep is sleeping in hell.”
H.R. Ibn Majah.
Sleep during the day can cause leprosy, damage the eyes, spleen disease, weaken tendons, decrease and weaken lust; except for a nap during the dry season when traveling. Worse sleeping early in the afternoon and at the end of Ashar time before sunset.
Ibn Abbas rebuked his sleeping child in the morning (early afternoon) with the words: “Hey, wake up! Do you want to sleep at a time when livelihood is being divided?”
Daytime sleep is divided into three kinds, namely:
- Khulq is the usual sleep, ie sleep because in the traveler and this is the sleep of Rasulullah SAW.
- Khurq is sleeping in the dluha, forgetting the work of the world and the hereafter.
- Humuq is sleeping a fool at the time of Asr.
Some Salaf clerics (scholars before the second century Hijri) said:
Whoever sleep after Asr time, the intelligence will be reduced. It is not harm that person except for the consequences of his own actions (nap after the Asr).
Sleep at dawn to deny sustenance, because at that time all beings seek sustenance and when it is time divided her fortune. So sleeping at that time was severely reproached, except for some purpose or illness.
Sleep at dawn declares for the body. The body will become weak, the excess food on the body that should come out with exercise will damage the limbs. Although the bed was before bathing, has not done any work, not exercising and not eating or drinking anything. The resulting illness, including a disease that is difficult to heal despite the use of various drugs.
Sleeping in the rising of the sun and sleeping partly at the end of the night and partly at sunrise destroys the body.
And the following hadith, shows that Rasulullah SAW. prohibits sleep at the turn of the night with the rising of the sun and vice versa.
From Abu Hurairah, he said:
Rasulullah SAW, said: ‘If one of you were sleeping at the time of the sun (still shines), where the day turned dark (night), then sleep most of the time the sun still rises and partly at the time it was dark (night), it should he wakes up.’
Regarding the courtesy before bedtime, Rasulullah SAW. teach as mentioned in the following hadith:
From Barraa ‘bin’ Azib, that Rasulullah SAW. said:
When you come to your bed, then you should make sure that you are wudlu” to establish prayer, then lie on your right side, then pray: ‘O Allah, I surrender myself to You, I give all my affairs to- Thou shalt protect thy bones from thy face, in the state of joy and fear, there is no refuge and no place to ask for deliverance except unto thee.I believe in thy prophet thou shalt send. “Let thou be sentences to thy speech the last (before falling asleep) If you die that night, then your death is in a state of fitrah (holy)
H.R. Bukhari and Muslim.
Sleeping side on the right side of the body, making a person sleeping with bed rest, because the location of a rather heavy heart to the left. If sleep tilts to the left, then the movement of the liver will narrow down which causes the sleep does not get a total rest.
Sleep is actually the twin sister of death. Therefore a sleeper needs a guard and supervisor to take care of himself from any kind of danger that may occur during his sleep. The best keeper is God. Then the Prophet Muhammad. taught several sentences for surrender to God and to repeat his faith and in such a condition a Muslim sleeps. Therefore the last sentence he uttered before bed, then if he died in his sleep, his death in a state of faith and surely go to heaven.
Here it is clear how perfect the guidance of Rasulullah SAW. about sleep problems. its benefits include goodness of heart, body and spirit, both in sleep and after awakening, in the world and in the afterlife.
As for the waking Prophet Muhammad SAW. when the rooster crows (at dawn). He woke up praising God, glorifying Him and praying. Then he loses (brushing his teeth), takes wudlu ‘and establishes his prayers.
What a wonderful daily activity Rasulullah SAW. both when going to bed and after waking up.